And this is the same thing as atheism, however it may differ from it in name. Especially with reference to the so-called "liberties" which are so greatly coveted in these days, all must stand by the judgment of the apostolic see, and have the same mind. A State from which religion is banished can never be well regulated; and already perhaps more than is desirable is known of the nature and tendency of the so-called civil philosophy of life and morals. Two powers would be commanding contrary things, and it would be a dereliction of duty to disobey either of the two. All nations which have yielded to her sway have become eminent by their gentleness, their sense of justice, and the glory of their high deeds. EWTN is a global, Catholic Television, Catholic Radio, and Catholic News Network that provides catholic programming and news coverage from around the world. 14. If in any State the Church retains her own agreement publicly entered into by the two powers, men forthwith begin to cry out that matters affecting the Church must be separated from those of the State. And as the Church, unable to abandon her chiefest and most sacred duties, cannot patiently put up with this, and asks that the pledge given to her be fully and scrupulously acted up to, contentions frequently arise between the ecclesiastical and the civil power, of which the issue commonly is that the weaker power yields to the one which is stronger in human resources. Ever, therefore, consistent with herself, while on the one hand she rejects that exorbitant liberty which in individuals and in nations ends in license or in thraldom, on the other hand, she willingly and most gladly welcomes whatever improvements the age brings forth, if these really secure the prosperity of life here below, which is, as it were, a stage in the journey to the life that will know no ending. 8. From these pronouncements of the Popes it is evident that the origin of public power is to be sought for in God Himself, and not in the multitude, and that it is repugnant to reason to allow free scope for sedition. The Church of Christ is the true and sole teacher of virtue and guardian of morals. But it would be most repugnant to them to think thus of the wisdom and goodness of God. This was the first encyclical of his pontificate and stressed many of the themes which would guide his future papacy. Each in its kind is supreme, each has fixed limits within which it is contained, limits which are defined by the nature and special object of the province of each, so that there is, we may say, an orbit traced out within which the action of each is brought into play by its own native right. She never objects to search being made for things that minister to the refinements and comforts of life. Again, that it is not lawful for the State, any more than for the individual, either to disregard all religious duties or to hold in equal favour different kinds of religion; that the unrestrained freedom of thinking and of openly making known one's thoughts is not inherent in the rights of citizens, and is by no means to be reckoned worthy of favour and support. Reflecting on the Catholic View of Good and Just Government. . Furthermore, it is in general fitting and salutary that Catholics should extend their efforts beyond this restricted sphere, and give their attention to national politics. For God alone is the true and supreme Lord of the world. Biology Capable of indefinite growth or division. 19. But in matters merely political, as, for instance, the best form of government, and this or that system of administration, a difference of opinion is lawful. 50. Whenever this is the case, order is disturbed, for things natural are put above things supernatural; the many benefits which the Church, if free to act, would confer on society are either prevented or at least lessened in number; and a way is prepared for enmities and contentions between the two powers, with how evil result to both the issue of events has taught us only too frequently. It may take this or that form, provided only that it be of a nature of the government, rulers must ever bear in mind that God is the paramount ruler of the world, and must set Him before themselves as their exemplar and law in the administration of the State. He believed social contract theories dangerous, as fostering authoritarianism. The sovereignty of the people, however, and this without any reference to God, is held to reside in the multitude; which is doubtless a doctrine exceedingly well calculated to flatter and to inflame many passions, but which lacks all reasonable proof, and all power of insuring public safety and preserving order. Two powers would be commanding contrary things, and it would be a dereliction of duty to disobey either of the two. Missing or empty |title= (help), sfn error: no target: CITEREFImmortale_Dei_§5 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFImmortale_Dei_§33 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFImmortale_Dei_§11 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFImmortale_Dei_§4 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFImmortale_Dei_§6 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFImmortale_Dei_§32 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFImmortale_Dei_§13 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFImmortale_Dei_§14 (, De moribus ecclesiae, 1, cap. Wherefore, for this purpose, care must especially be taken to preserve unharmed and unimpeded the religion whereof the practice is the link connecting man with God. Ciro's body is slowly sinking in the Gulf of Naples. "The truth shall make you free."(25). 43. So, too, the liberty of thinking, and of publishing, whatsoever each one likes, without any hindrance, is not in itself an advantage over which society can wisely rejoice. Jesus Christ has Himself given command that what is Caesar's is to be rendered to Caesar, and that what belongs to God is to be rendered to God. Further, it is unlawful to follow one line of conduct in private life and another in public, respecting privately the authority of the Church, but publicly rejecting it; for this would amount to joining together good and evil, and to putting man in conflict with himself; whereas he ought always to be consistent, and never in the least point nor in any condition of life to swerve from Christian virtue. The authority of God is passed over in silence, just as if there were no God; or as if He cared nothing for human society; or as if men, whether in their individual capacity or bound together in social relations, owed nothing to God; or as if there could be a government of which the whole origin and power and authority did not reside in God Himself. 12. They claim jurisdiction over the marriages of Catholics, even over the bond as well as the unity and the indissolubility of matrimony. Directed by Marco D'Amore. 44. 238, to Pope Paschal II (PL 162, 246B). [13], Leo quotes Augustine: "Thou teachest kings to look to the interests of their people, and dost admonish the people to be submissive to their kings. traditional latin mass; Vatican; ... Tag: immortale dei. 29. "(4) To cast aside obedience, and by popular violence to incite to revolt, is therefore treason, not against man only, but against God. Italian lyrics by Allegra (1949) Original Italian Roma immortale di Martiri e di Santi, Roma immortale accogli i nostri canti: Gloria nei cieli a Dio nostro Signore, Pace ai Fedeli, di Cristo nell'amore. (1913). 21. . [Gerald C Treacy; Catholic Church. And just as the end at which the Church aims is by far the noblest of ends, so is its authority the most exalted of all authority, nor can it be looked upon as inferior to the civil power, or in any manner dependent upon it. Quod AUCTORITATE ( proclamation of extraordinary Jubiliee Year ), sfn error: no:! Catholics, even to the refinements and comforts of life in general `` fitting and salutary '' that Catholics give. For things that minister to the State follows clearly, therefore, that Catholics have Just reasons for part. Never to be used by anyone `` fitting and salutary '' that Catholics have Just reasons for part... Christian Europe has subdued barbarous nations, and it would be a dereliction of by! 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